Monograph

Cognizione e realtà

  • Fortunato Tito Arecchi,

Cognition implies perception and judgement. Perception consists in interpreting a sensory stimulus: it is a common process in every animal with a brain, and can be described as a Bayesian inference where the interpretive algorithm is stored in long-term memory. Judgement, on the other hand, is related to the comparison between two perceptions which are coded in a language, in that short-term memory presents the first perception once again and compares it with the second. This operation is called inverted Bayes’ theorem and while it does not presuppose an algorithm, it builds a new one using comparison. The book shows how the algorithmic leaps related to linguistic operations capture aspects of reality which cannot be reached through Bayesian chains of inference following the same algorithm. Nowadays, we experience the successes of Artificial Intelligence (AI), which, however, works thanks to a direct Bayes’ theorem and speeds up recursive chains, but does not resort to algorithmic leaps; therefore, it does not contribute to human language.

+ Show more
Purchase

Fortunato Tito Arecchi

University of Florence, Italy - ORCID: 0000-0003-3562-5708

Fortunato Tito Arecchi is Professor Emeritus of Physics at the University of Florence. From 1975 to 2001 he directed the Italian National Optics Institute, trying to aim it towards quantum optics (physics of laser sources and applications). As a researcher, he introduced the use of photon statistics to characterize the coherence of a laser (1965); moreover, in 1982, he found the first evidence of deterministic chaos in lasers. He is the author and co-author of over 400 scientific pieces and 12 volumes.
Table of Contents

Sommario

PDF
  • Publication Year: 2018
  • Pages: 150
  • eISBN: 978-88-6453-746-7
  • Content License: CC BY 4.0
  • © 2018 Author(s)

XML
  • Publication Year: 2018
  • eISBN: 978-88-9273-093-9
  • Content License: CC BY 4.0
  • © 2018 Author(s)

PRINT
  • Publication Year: 2018
  • Pages: 150
  • eISBN: 978-88-6453-745-0
  • Content License: CC BY 4.0
  • © 2018 Author(s)

Bibliographic Information

Book Title

Cognizione e realtà

Authors

Fortunato Tito Arecchi

Peer Reviewed

Number of Pages

150

Publication Year

2018

Copyright Information

© 2018 Author(s)

Content License

CC BY 4.0

Metadata License

CC0 1.0

Publisher Name

Firenze University Press

DOI

10.36253/978-88-6453-746-7

ISBN Print

978-88-6453-745-0

eISBN (pdf)

978-88-6453-746-7

eISBN (xml)

978-88-9273-093-9

Series Title

Studi e saggi

Series ISSN

2704-6478

Series E-ISSN

2704-5919

1,086

Fulltext
downloads

2,004

Views

Search in This Book
Export Citation
Suggested Books

1,202

Open Access Books

in the Catalogue

984

Book Chapters

1,937,934

Fulltext
downloads

2,710

Authors

from 545 Research Institutions

of 52 Nations

52

scientific boards

from 289 Research Institutions

of 39 Nations

786

Referees

from 182 Research Institutions

of 31 Nations