Contained in:
Book Chapter

The (not so violent) staseis and metabolai in the Aristotelian Athenaion Politeia

  • Denis Correa

The Athenaion Politeia chapter 41.2 lists eleven changes (metabolai) to the Athenian political system from the heroic age to the democratic restoration of Thrasybulus in 403 BCE; the city allegedly remained unchanged until as late as the writing of the text, probably around the 330s BCE. This text examines some patterns in the metabolai, involving the innovations ascribed to the first three (or four) and the main role played by Solon after the dissension (stasis) in which he acted as an arbitrator and avoided the establishment of a tyranny, which, according to the work, marked the beginning of democracy. After Solon, each subsequent metabole implicated his legacy, except those that involved tyranny. This pattern oversimplifies complex historical events, but the relationship between staseis and metabolai structures the Athenaion Politeia’s original design and constitutional historical approach. While some of these changes (the fourth, fifth, tenth, and eleventh) entailed the violent seizure of power by or against tyrants, others relate to the Solonian ideal of managing staseis without the violence of tyranny, that is, by increasing (or limiting) the power of the people over the constitution.

  • Keywords:
  • stasis,
  • metabole,
  • Athenaion Politeia,
  • Solon,
  • tyranny,
+ Show More

Denis Correa

Federal University of the Bahian Recôncavo, Brazil - ORCID: 0000-0002-6558-7709

  1. Atack, Carol. 2010. Ancestral constitutions in Fourth-Century BCE Athenian political argument: genre and re-Invention. Mphil diss., University of Cambridge.
  2. Atack, Carol. 2014. “The discourse of kingship in classical Athenian thought.” Histos: 330–63.
  3. Bertelli, Lucio. 2018. “The Athenaion Politeia and Aristotle’s political theory.” In Athenaion Politeia tra storia, politica e sociologia: Aristotele e Pseudo-Senofonte, edited by Cinzia Bearzot, Mirko Canevaro, Tristano Gargiulo, and Elisabetta Poddighe,
  4. Blank, David L. 1984. “Dialectical method in the Aristotelian Athenaion Politeia.” Greek, Roman and Byzantine Studies v. 25, 3: 275–84.
  5. Bearzot, Cinzia. 1997. Lisia e la tradizione su Teramene: commento storico alle orazioni XII e XIII del corpus lysiacum. Milano: Vita e Pensiero.
  6. Bearzot, Cinzia. 2012. “Eforo e Teramene”. Mediterraneo Antico, v. 15, 1–2, p. 293–308.
  7. Bearzot, Cinzia. 2013. Comme si abbatte una democrazia: tecniche di colpo di Stato nell’Atene antica. Roma and Bari: Laterza.
  8. Bearzot, Cinzia; Loddo, Laura. 2015. “Le rôle du tribunal populaire dans l’utopie constitutionnelle oligarchique. De Solon aux Trente Tyrans”. Politica Antica 5, p. 99–139.
  9. Bordes, Jacqueline. 1982. Politeia dans la pensée grecque jusqu’a Aristote. Paris: Belles Lettres.
  10. Canfora, Luciano. 2011. Il mondo di Atene. Roma and Bari: Laterza.
  11. Correa, Denis. 2019. “The Aristotelian Athenaion Politeia as ‘poor history’? Historiography, rhetoric, and the controversies about Solon in the Fourth Century.” Histos 13: 129–45.
  12. D’Ajello, Luís F. T. 2017. “Patrios politeia: entre golpes oligárquicos a ancestralidade da democracia se constrói.” Hélade 3, 1: 164–203.
  13. David, Ephraim. 2014. “An oligarchic democracy: manipulation of democratic ideals by Athenian oligarchs in 411 BC.” Eirene 50: 11–38.
  14. Day, James, and Mortimer Chambers. 1962. Aristotle’s History of Athenian Democracy. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.
  15. Del Corso, Lucio. 2018. “I rotoli dell’Athenaion Politeia nel contesto della produzione libraria dell’Egitto Greco-Romano.” In Athenaion Politeia tra storia, politica e sociologia: Aristotele e Pseudo-Senofonte, edited by Cinzia Bearzot, Mirko Canevaro, T
  16. Gehrke, Hans-Joachim. 2001. “Myth, history, and collective identity: uses of the past in ancient Greece and beyond”. In The Historian’s Craft in the Age of Herodotus, edited by Nino Luraghi, 286–313. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  17. Gehrke, Hans-Joachim. 2006. “The figure of Solon in the Athênaiôn Politeia.” In Solon of Athens: New Historical and Philological Approanches, edited by Josine Blok and André Lardinois, 276–89. Leiden and Boston: Brill.
  18. Hansen, Mogens H. 1999. The Athenian Democracy in the Age of Demosthenes. London: Bristol Classics Paperback.
  19. Harding, Phillip. 1974. “The Theramenes Myth.” Phoenix 28, 1: 101–11.
  20. Harding, Phillip. 1977. “Atthis and Politeia.” Historia 26: 148–60.
  21. Harding, Phillip. 1994. Androtion and the Atthis. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  22. Hignett, Charles. 1962. A History of the Athenian Constitution to the End of the Fifth Century B.C. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  23. Huxley, G. 1972. “On Aristotle’s Historical Methods.” Greek, Roman and Byzantine Studies 13, 2: 157–69.
  24. Irwin, Elizabeth. 2005. Solon and Early Greek Poetry: the Politics of Exhortation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  25. Keaney, John J. 1963. “The Structure of Aristotle’s Athenaion Politeia.” Harvard Studies in Classical Philology 67: 115–46.
  26. Keaney, John J. 1992. The Composition of Aristotle’s Athenaion Politeia: Observation and Explanation. New York: Oxford University Press.
  27. Leão, Delfim. 2001. Sólon: ética e política. Lisboa: Calouste Gulbenkian.
  28. Leão, Delfim. 2003. “Plutarch and the dark side of Solon’s political activity.” Ploutarchos 1: 51–62.
  29. Leão, Delfim. 2008. “A sophos in arms: Plutarch and the tradition of Solon’s opposition to the tyranny of Pisistratus.” Philosophy in Society. Virtues and Values in Plutarch, edited by José R. Ferreira, Luc Van der Stockt, and Maria do Céu Fialho, 155–63.
  30. Leão, Delfim. 2018. “Demétrio de Fáleron e a reinvenção da polis democrática.” In A ‘poiesis’ da democracia, edited by Breno B. Sebastiani, Delfim Leão, Lucia Sano, Martinho Soares, and Christian Werner, 241–70. Coimbra: Imprensa da Universidade de Coimbr
  31. Leão, Delfim, and P. J. Rhodes. 2015. The Laws of Solon: a New Edition with Introduction, Translation and Commentary. London and New York: I.B. Tauris.
  32. Loddo, Laura. 2018. “Aristotele, Solone e le leggi democratiche: indagine critica e criteri di selezione.” In Athenaion Politeia tra storia, politica e sociologia: Aristotele e Pseudo-Senofonte, edited by Cinzia Bearzot, Mirko Canevaro, Tristano Gargiulo,
  33. Marincola, John. 1997. Authority and Tradition in Ancient Historiography. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  34. Mathieu, Georges. 1915. Constitution d’Athènes: Essai sur la méthode suivie par Aristote dans la discussion des textes. Paris: Belles Lettres.
  35. Poddighe, Elisabetta. 2018. “Arist. Ath. Pol. 9,2 e la regola del giudizio globale sui Politika: considerazione sul metodo storico aristotelico.” In Athenaion Politeia tra storia, politica e sociologia: Aristotele e Pseudo-Senofonte, edited by Cinzia Bear
  36. Rhodes, Peter J. 1992. A Commentary on the Aristotelian Athenaion Politeia. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  37. Rhodes, Peter J. 2017. The Athenian Constitution, Written in the School of Aristotle. Edited with an Introduction, Translation & Commentary. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press.
  38. Rhodes, Peter J. 2018. “What is a constitution?” In Athenaion Politeia tra storia, politica e sociologia: Aristotele e Pseudo-Senofonte, edited by Cinzia Bearzot, Mirko Canevaro, Tristano Gargiulo, and Elisabetta Poddighe, 21–31. Quaderni di Erga-Logoi. M
  39. Sacks, Kenneth S. 1996. “Diodorus and his sources: conformity and creativity.” In Greek Historiography, edited by Simon Hornblower, 213–32. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  40. Sebastiani, Breno B. 2018a. “Atenas, 411: do golpe oligárquico à Poiesis da democracia.” In A ‘poiesis’ da democracia, edited by Breno B. Sebastiani, Delfim Leão, Lucia Sano, Martinho Soares, and Christian Werner, 71–94. Coimbra: Imprensa da Universidade
  41. Sebastiani, Breno B. 2018b. “The coups of 411 and 404 in Athens: Thucydides and Xenophon on conservative turns.” Greek, Roman and Byzantine Studies 58, 4: 490–515.
  42. Sebastiani, Breno B., and Delfim Leão. 2020. “Crises e mudanças na democracia ateniense: a atuação de Terâmenes entre oportunismo, legalismo e a ‘terceira via.’” Boletim de Estudos Clássicos 65: 35–55.
  43. Thomas, Rosalind. 1989. Oral Tradition and Written Record in Classical Athens. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
PDF
  • Publication Year: 2022
  • Pages: 25-41
  • Content License: CC BY 4.0
  • © 2022 Author(s)

XML
  • Publication Year: 2022
  • Content License: CC BY 4.0
  • © 2022 Author(s)

Chapter Information

Chapter Title

The (not so violent) staseis and metabolai in the Aristotelian Athenaion Politeia

Authors

Denis Correa

Language

English

DOI

10.36253/978-88-5518-612-4.04

Peer Reviewed

Publication Year

2022

Copyright Information

© 2022 Author(s)

Content License

CC BY 4.0

Metadata License

CC0 1.0

Table of Contents

Book Title

Crises (Staseis) and Changes (Metabolai)

Book Subtitle

Athenian Democracy in the Making

Editors

Breno Battistin Sebastiani, Delfim Ferreira Leão

Peer Reviewed

Number of Pages

140

Publication Year

2022

Copyright Information

© 2022 Author(s)

Content License

CC BY 4.0

Metadata License

CC0 1.0

Publisher Name

Firenze University Press

DOI

10.36253/978-88-5518-612-4

ISBN Print

978-88-5518-611-7

eISBN (pdf)

978-88-5518-612-4

eISBN (epub)

978-88-5518-613-1

eISBN (xml)

978-88-5518-614-8

Series Title

Studi e saggi

Series ISSN

2704-6478

Series E-ISSN

2704-5919

0

Fulltext
downloads

0

Views

Export Citation

1,204

Open Access Books

in the Catalogue

984

Book Chapters

1,937,934

Fulltext
downloads

2,711

Authors

from 545 Research Institutions

of 52 Nations

52

scientific boards

from 288 Research Institutions

of 39 Nations

786

Referees

from 182 Research Institutions

of 31 Nations